- The Centre has launched a programme to reduce particulate matter (PM) pollution by 20-30% in at least 102 cities by 2024.
- The National Clean Air Programme (NCAP), which was formally unveiled, is envisaged as a scheme to provide the States and the Centre with a framework to combat air pollution.
- The ₹300-crore programme will bring pollution concerns to the heart of a State’s development plans. “The NCAP will be a mid-term, five-year action plan, with 2019 as the first year.
- For achieving the NCAP targets, the cities will have to calculate the reduction in pollution, keeping 2017’s average annual PM levels as the base year.
- The World Health Organisation’s database on air pollution over the years has listed Tier I and Tier II Indian cities as some of the most polluted places in the world. In 2018, 14 of the world’s 15 most polluted cities were in India. A study in the journal Lancet ranked India as No.1 on premature mortality and deaths from air pollution.
National Clean Air Programme that aims to improve the air quality in 102 Indian cities including four in Karnataka – Bengaluru, Davangere, Kalaburagi and Hubballi-Dharwad – in the next five years.
The target is to reduce the concentration of PM-2.5 and PM-10 (particulate matter of 2.5 and 10 microns sizes respectively) by 20-30% from the 2017 level.
Of the 102 cities where the programme would be implemented, as many as 43 are those chosen for the government's Smart City programme.